Meredith collects data to deliver the best content, services, and personalized digital ads. We partner with third party advertisers, who may use tracking technologies to collect information about your activity on sites and applications across devices, both on our sites and across the Internet. Meredith collects data to deliver the best content, services, and personalized digital ads. We partner with third party advertisers, who may use tracking technologies to collect information about your activity on sites and applications across devices, both on our sites and across the Internet. US recipients2 during the same period. Jews or by people of half-Jewish descent. Jews currently make up approximately 0. 116 of the names listed here were obtained. Library Journal as one of its “Top 50 Reference Works of the Millennium. EJ97 was itself a runner-up for the American Library Association’s Dartmouth Medal for best reference work of 1997.
Nearly all of the additional entries, as well as some of those obtained from EJ97, are accompanied by explanatory footnotes. Defined as those Recipients with US Nationality at the time of award. In enumerating Nobel Prize winners, we have followed the Nobel Foundation’s practice of counting multiple-time recipients only once. Percentages are based on awards to individuals only, i. Jews or people of half-Jewish descent. For details, see Jewish Winners of the Nobel Peace Prize. After a year of compulsive military service ended in 1893, unlike so many academics of his era, Sommerfeld continued to serve as a volunteer for the next eight years on the side.
Rapidly moving up the ranks, he was appointed to chair the mathematics department at the Bergakademie in Clausthal-Zellerfeld in 1897. Sommerfeld moved on to become Chair of Applied Mechanics at the Königliche Technische Hochschule Aachen, and it was in Aachen that he produced his theory of hydrodynamics. What I especially admire about you is that you have, as it were, pounded out of the soil such a large number of young talents. Theoretical physics is a subject which attracts youngsters with a philosophical mind who speculate about the highest principles without sufficient foundations. It was just this type of beginner that he knew how to handle, leading them step by step to a realisation of their lack of actual knowledge and providing them with the skill necessary for fertile research. He had the rare ability to have time to spare for his pupils, in spite of his duties and scientific work. Arnold Sommerfeld was one of the most distinguished representatives of the transition period between classical and modern theoretical physics. Adding to his list of achievements, Sommerfeld eventually became chair of the Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft in 1918, a position previously held by Albert Einstein.
With the rise of the Nazi party in Germany, however, Sommerfeld was forced to watch many of his esteemed colleagues have to flee the country. Sommerfeld’s life was saddened toward the end of his career by events in Germany. Anti-Semitism, always present in that country, became virulent in the Hitler period and Sommerfeld was obliged to witness the emigration of famous colleagues, including Einstein. All he could do was use the friendships he had built up during a one-year stay in the United States and a one-year round-the-world trip to help place the refugees. On that note, Sommerfeld had intended to retire much earlier, in 1936, putting forth one of his prized pupils, the aforementioned Nobel Prize winner Werner Heisenberg, as his hoped successor. I would now be willing to see Germany disappear as a power and merge into a pacified Europe. X-ray wave theory, among other things. Among his many awards were the Max-Planck Medal, the Lorentz Medal and the Oersted Medal, and he was also a member of the Royal Society, the U.
National Academy of Sciences, the Indian Academy of Sciences and the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. Sommerfeld never won a Nobel Prize. Sommerfeld died on April 26, 1951 at the age of 82 as a result of a traffic accident that occurred while taking his grandchildren for a walk. At the time, he was quite hard of hearing and did not hear shouted warnings before he stepped in front of a moving truck. The distinguished scientist died two months later as a result of the injuries sustained in that incident. Subscribe today to check out our free Daily Knowledge Youtube video series! The 2018 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine has been awarded jointly to two cancer immunotherapy researchers, James P. Allison, PhD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, and Dr.
who won a nobel prize