Welcome to the official site of Sweden. Discover the facts and stories of our country. Do you want to do business with Sweden? All you need to know about Swedish higher education and scholarships is available at studyinsweden. This website is administered by the Swedish Institute. It is awarded for achievements in physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature, peace and economics. At the Stockholm Concert Hall, the winners in physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature and economic sciences receive a medal from the King of Sweden, as well as a diploma and a cash award.
The ceremony is followed by a gala banquet at Stockholm City Hall. The Nobel Peace Prize is awarded in Oslo City Hall on the same day. When Nobel died, he held 355 patents in different countries and had made a fortune. His last will, signed in 1895, is the reason that the Nobel Prize is awarded every year. He had an idea about an annual prize that would go to brilliant minds around the world. The money In his last will, Nobel declared that he wanted the bulk of his assets to go to a fund, and that the interest from that fund should be distributed as annual prizes. There may be no more than three winners, or laureates, for each prize category. The foundation In 1900 the four institutions awarding the prizes agreed to create the Nobel Foundation, a private institution based on the will of Alfred Nobel.
The gender gap The Nobel Prize and the Prize in Economic Sciences have been awarded to 51 women between 1901 and 2016. Altogether, there have been 935 prize winners. One woman, Marie Curie, has been honoured twice, receiving the 1903 Nobel Prize in Physics and the 1911 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. In 1909, Swede Selma Lagerlöf became the first female literature laureate. The age gap The youngest Nobel Prize winner to date is Malala Yousafzai, who was 17 years old when she was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2014. The oldest prize winner to date is Arthur Askin, who was 96 when he was awarded the Prize in Physics in 2018. Rudyard Kipling is the youngest literature laureate to date.
The Englishman, best known for The Jungle Book, was 42 years old when he was awarded the Literature Prize in 1907. The oldest literature laureate is Doris Lessing, who won the prize in 2007 at the age of 87. Two decliners Two winners have declined the Nobel Prize. Jean-Paul Sartre, awarded the 1964 Nobel Prize in Literature, declined the award because he had consistently declined all official honours. Lê Ðức Thọ was awarded the 1973 Nobel Peace Prize jointly with US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger for negotiating the Vietnam peace agreement. Le Duc Tho said he was not in a position to accept the Nobel Peace Prize, due to the situation in Vietnam. This is the official site of Sweden, offering you the facts and stories of our country. A cookie is stored on your device to give you a better experience of the website. Between 1901 and 2018, the Nobel Prizes and the Prize in Economic Sciences were awarded 590 times to 935 people and organisations. A person or organisation awarded the Nobel Prize is called Nobel Laureate.
In ancient Greece, laurel wreaths were awarded to victors as a sign of honour. See a full list of all Nobel Laureates. More Nobel Prize facts and figures. 112 prizes awarded to 210 laureates. 1901-2018: 110 prizes awarded to 181 laureates. 1901-2018: 109 prizes awarded to 216 laureates. 1901-2018: 110 prizes awarded to 114 laureates.
laureates of nobel prize