US recipients2 during the same period. Jews or by people of half-Jewish descent. Jews currently make up approximately 0. 116 of the names listed here were obtained. Library Journal as one of its “Top 50 Reference Works of the Millennium. EJ97 was itself a runner-up for the American Library Association’s Dartmouth Medal for best reference work of 1997. Nearly all of the additional entries, as well as some of those obtained from EJ97, are accompanied by explanatory footnotes. Defined as those Recipients with US Nationality at the time of award. In enumerating Nobel Prize winners, we have followed the Nobel Foundation’s practice of counting multiple-time recipients only once. Percentages are based on awards to individuals only, i.
Jews or people of half-Jewish descent. For details, see Jewish Winners of the Nobel Peace Prize. King Abdullah II of Jordan has done more to seek religious harmony within Islam and between Islam and other religions than any other living political leader. In 2004, he launched the Amman Message that articulated a clear understanding of the central elements of Islam. Plantinga’s pioneering work began in the late 1950s, a time when academic philosophers generally rejected religiously informed philosophy. Rabbi Lord Jonathan Sacks, the former Chief Rabbi of the United Hebrew Congregations of the Commonwealth, has spent decades bringing spiritual insight to the public conversation through mass media, popular lectures, and more than 25 books. Jean Vanier, a Canadian Catholic philosopher and theologian, is the founder of L’Arche, the international network of communities where people with and without intellectual disabilities live and work together as peers. Vanier began L’Arche in northern France in 1964, when he invited two intellectually disabled men to leave a large institution and live with him as friends. Desmond Tutu, the former Anglican Archbishop of Cape Town, is one of the world’s most revered religious figures and a leading moral voice for peace and justice. His teachings combine the theological concept that all human beings are shaped in the image of God with the traditional African spirit of Ubuntu, in which humanity achieves personhood only through other people.
The 14th Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso, is a Tibetan Buddhist spiritual leader whose engagement with multiple dimensions of science and with people far beyond his own religious traditions has made him an incomparable global voice for universal ethics, nonviolence, and harmony among world religions. Rees, Astronomer Royal, former Master of Trinity College, Cambridge, and former president of the Royal Society, is one of the world’s leading theoretical astrophysicists. Ayala, Professor of Biological Sciences at the University of California, Irvine, is known for his achievements as an evolutionary geneticist and for his opposition to the entanglement of science and religion while also calling for mutual respect between the two. Bernard d’Espagnat was a French physicist and philosopher of science whose explorations of the philosophical implications of quantum physics opened new vistas on the definition of reality and the potential limits of knowable science. Michael Heller, Professor in the Faculty of Philosophy at the Pontifical Academy of Theology in Cracow, Poland, is a cosmologist and Catholic priest who has developed sharply focused and strikingly original concepts on the origin and cause of the universe. Barrow is Research Professor of Mathematical Sciences at the University of Cambridge and a former Gresham Professor of Geometry at Gresham College in London. Townes was Professor Emeritus of Physics at the University of California, Berkeley, and shared the 1964 Nobel Prize in Physics. His 1966 article, “The Convergence of Science and Religion,” established him as a voice seeking commonality between the two disciplines.
Ellis is a theoretical cosmologist and Professor Emeritus of Applied Mathematics at the University of Cape Town, South Africa. Holmes Rolston III is University Distinguished Professor at Colorado State University and a Presbyterian minister whose 40 years of research on the religious imperative to respect nature helped to establish the field of environmental ethics. Polkinghorne is a mathematical physicist and Anglican priest whose treatment of theology as a natural science has invigorated the search for an interface between science and religion. Arthur Peacocke was a biochemist who, after pioneering early research into the physical chemistry of DNA, received a Bachelor of Divinity from the University of Birmingham and was ordained in the Church of England as a priest-scientist. Freeman Dyson is a physicist and mathematician and Professor Emeritus at the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, New Jersey. His contributions to science include the unification of the three versions of quantum electrodynamics invented by Feynman, Schwinger, and Tomonaga. Ian Barbour was one of the world pioneers in the integration of science and religion. His books and articles have helped to expand the field of theology not only for Christianity but also for other faiths. Sir Sigmund Sternberg, a Hungarian-born businessman who settled in London in 1939, was a tireless force for interfaith dialogue over five decades.
Pandurang Shastri Athavale was 19 when he and his co-workers began bhaktiferi—devotional visits to villages in India to spread the message of love for God and others. Bright began a person-to-person sharing of New Testament scripture on the campus of the University of California, Los Angeles in the 1950s, calling his movement Campus Crusade for Christ. The organization grew to become an international ministry. Paul Davies, a theoretical physicist and cosmologist, holds the post of College Professor at Arizona State University. His research has been in the fields of quantum gravity, black holes, early-universe cosmology, and astrobiology as it relates to the origin of life and the transfer of microorganisms between planets. A former university professor and U. George Frederick Jewett Scholar in Religion, Philosophy, and Public Policy at the American Enterprise Institute from 1983 until 2009, Michael Novak developed influential new insights into the spiritual foundations of economic and political systems. Colson, former special counsel to President Richard Nixon, began Prison Fellowship after serving a federal prison sentence for obstructing justice in the Pentagon Papers case. It is now the largest prison outreach program in the world, operating a network of ministries in more than 120 nations. Kyung-Chik Han was the founder of Seoul’s 60,000-member Young Nak Presbyterian Church.
have been awarded prize