Much of the historical weight of Cartagena in the past goes to its coveted defensive port, one of the most important in the western Mediterranean. The city of Cartagena is located in the southeastern region of Spain in the Campo de Cartagena. The city is located just at the end of the new AP-7 motorway. In the past, there was an inner sea between the hills called the Estero that eventually dried up. The urban area is delimited or crossed by several watercourses, some of which go deep into the urban network during a large part of their courses. Cartagena has a hot semi-arid climate. The annual average temperature goes up to around 20.
The coldest month is January, with an average temperature of 13. 2: Various sources: Atlas de Murcia, University of Murcia, rain amount is from climate-data. Despite the intense mining, tourist and industrial exploitation that the area has suffered for centuries, the territory around Cartagena city hosts an extraordinary natural wealth and diversity, with a large number of botanical endemic species. Part of its area is subject to different levels of legal protection. Cartagena’s coastal mountains have one of the highest levels of botanical biodiversity on the Iberian Peninsula. San Javier, Hormigas Islands, Palomas Islands and Escombreras Islands, some of them also designed as Special Protection Area. You can help by adding to it. There is mention of the presence of individuals belonging to the genus Homo in the cave Cueva Victoria 1,300,000 years ago. This cave is located in the district Rincón de San Ginés.
Remains of individuals belonging to the species Homo neanderthalensis and the Mousterian culture were found in the cave Cueva de los Aviones. This place is located close to Cartagena. At the southeast corner of the municipality remains of human beings of the Upper Paleolithic were discovered. The West of the municipality was also the scene of human activity in that period. Concrete evidence of this are the Cueva del Caballo and Cueva Bermeja caves. The southeast end of Cartagena was inhabited again during the Mesolithic. Neolithic components such as ceramic remains were located. The southeast of Cartagena was again inhabited during the Neolithic.
The sites are Las Amoladeras and Calblanque. The south of the Alumbres district was also inhabited during that period. The archeological site is located in the Cerro del Gorguel hill and in it a characteristic Neolithic hamlet was discovered. The reasons for the dearth of human presence and structures in this municipality during the Neolithic period were the lack of rainfall and the absence of water beds. During the Bronze Age there was a similar situation. Nevertheless, they did not significantly occupy this municipality, there were few structures belonging to them and they had little relevance here. The town was originally named Mastia. Carthage, for the purpose of serving as a stepping-off point for the conquest of Spain. During the Roman period, it was the site of major silver mines, yielding a daily revenue of 25,000 drachmae.
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