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Alfred nobel and the nobel prize

alfred nobel and the nobel prize

Swedish chemist and engineer known throughout the world as the inventor of dynamite and founder of the Nobel Prize, spent much of his early youth in St. Petersburg, where his father Immanuel Nobel came in 1837 and found success as a manufacturer of machine tools and explosives. Petersburg for good in his late twenties, when the family business began to decline. However, in 1991, to mark the 90th anniversary of the presentation of the first Nobel Prize, this unusual abstract monument was erected in his honour. Created by local sculptors Sergey Alipov and Pavel Shevchenko, the monument occupies a modest position on Petrogradskaya Naberezhnaya, next to the Bolshaya Nevka River. Getting there:On exiting Gorkovskaya metro station, turn right out of the park and walk along Kamennoostrovskiy Prospekt towards the River Neva. Take the first left onto Ulitsa Kuybysheva and follow the street all the way to the end. Turn left onto Petrogradskaya Naberezhnaya and walk one block along the embankment. The monument is next to the river on the opposite side of the road.

Nobel came up with the idea of using his money for these annual prizes after his brother, Ludvig, died in 1888 and a French newspaper mistakenly thought it had been Alfred Nobel himself who died. Alfred Nobel, who became rich by finding ways to kill more people faster than ever before, died yesterday. When Nobel read this, he began thinking of how to improve his public image after his death and decided on leaving his enormous fortune to fund a set of prizes named after himself. The Nobel Prizes were created as awards for people who made the greatest contributions to mankind in subjects that interested Nobel, namely Physics, Chemistry, Medicine, Literature and Peace. Nobel did a lot of his own work in Physics and Chemistry and was an enthusiast of various literature of the day. He also saw the benefit to advancements in medicine. Bertha Kinsky, who later won the award in 1905, just a few years after the Nobel Prizes were established. Along with the groups setup to select the winners of the Nobel Prizes, a separate group, The Nobel Foundation, was founded to manage Nobel’s money.

To date, along with annually bequeathing money to award winners, The Nobel Foundation has grown Nobel’s assets up to around half a billion dollars. 250 million they started with over 100 years ago, particularly considering they operate tax free. Up to three people can share an award. When this happens, it is up to the awarding body to decide how the money is divided amongst the winners. Most winners end up donating their award money to various causes and charities. To date, four people have won a Nobel Prize twice. Not only did Maria Curie win two Nobel Prizes, but her family has been the recipient of five total Nobel Prizes. She won two, her husband, Pierre Curie, won one.

Her daughter,  Irène Joliot-Curie, won the Chemistry Prize in 1935 with her husband. Her second daughter was also the director of UNICEF when it won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1965. Curie’s notes from the 1890s are still today considered too dangerous to handle without protection due to the high levels of radioactivity. They are stored in lead-lined boxes. Neither she nor her husband, of course, knew anything about that and handled radioactive items all the time in their research. She eventually paid the price for this, dying from aplastic anemia. Her husband was killed after being run over by a horse drawn carriage some 28 years before Marie Curie herself died. This story is actually a myth.

The purported obituary does not exist. Kenne Fant, Nobel’s biographer, no one has ever found the supposed obituary, and when I looked through your sources, I didn’t see it either. The Nobel Foundation itself admits that Nobel saw his own obituary ! Yes, Nobel saw his obituary in advance. And yes, he was unhappy about what he read. Still, it was probably not the only factor that influenced him to create a peace prize, she said. Subscribe today to check out our free Daily Knowledge Youtube video series! Publish date:Dec 9, 2016Did a Premature Obituary Inspire the Nobel Prize? Dynamite inventor Alfred Nobel never explained why he created the Nobel Prizes in his 1895 will, but he may have been inspired by reading an unflattering obituary—his own. On November 27, 1895, Alfred Nobel signed his last will and testament at Paris’ Swedish-Norwegian Club.

alfred nobel and the nobel prize

alfred nobel and the nobel prize